The new issues of the Estonian Academy Publishers’ scientific journals Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, Oil Shale, Linguistica Uralica, TRAMES and Acta Historica Tallinnensia have been published.
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Next issues of the printed journals Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, Oil Shale, Linguistica Uralica, TRAMES, Estonian Journal of Archaeology and Acta Historica Tallinnensia will be available in December. All articles appearing in the paper version are currently published on our website.
Estonian Academy Publishers would welcome receiving new manuscripts.
More information can be found on the journals’ websites.
Brief reviews of the journals:
In the September issue of Linguistica Uralica an article on markers of “self-quotation” in Hungarian and in the Permic languages Udmurt and Komi is published. This is the topic of the young Ukraine-born researcher Denys Teptiuk from the University of Tartu, currently a visiting scholar at the University of Helsinki. Both the Komi particle miśa and the Udmurt particle põj may be translated as ’so I [said/thought]’, and the Hungarian verb forms mondok ’I say’ / mondom ’I say it’ are used in reported speech and thought, as well as in intended discourse. By contrasting lexical and grammaticalized elements, the author shows how their morphosyntactic status and structural use allows them to frame different types of reported discourse.
TRAMES. A JOURNAL OF THE HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
The recent issue of Trames presents one contribution by Estonian and five by foreign authors.
Karel Kulbin et al. from Tallinn University examine depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress and alcohol consumption caused by the Covid-19 pandemic in Estonia from spring to autumn 2020. The research established changes in mental health during the pandemic. The results can help society to tackle future crises more effectively.
Li Wang and Pekka Räihä observe the academic acculturation of Chinese PhD students in Finland. The authors' conclusions can be useful in all universities in the Occident. The universities should help the Chinese doctoral students to understand the values behind their standards of teaching and norms. The Chinese students should be more trusted, so they can integrate more easily into what is being taught and also understand local culture.
M. Durán and C. San Juan tackle emotions associated with a wish to take part in a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. People have walked to Santiago along different routes already since the eighth century. Regardless of their background, race or age, they are motivated either by spending free time or by a religious need or by the combination of the two. The topic is important to us as well, because numerous Estonians have successfully undertaken this pilgrimage on foot.
Julen Izagirre-Olaizola examines holistically the issue whether green marketing is an oxymoron (i.e. a witty stupidity that unites contradictory and exclusive notions such as a square circle or a virgin whore). The author believes that green marketing is possible. It should help guarantee the sustainable development of society and nature.
Abdulkadir Tanış compares the understanding of Avicenna and Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī of omniscience, immutability and tensed facts. The author concludes that according to Avicenna, God does not know tensed facts, but al-Ghazālī thinks God does know them.
The last article is the treatment by Vadym Torichnyi and colleagues of the information and propaganda components of Russia's current anti-Ukraine hybrid aggression. The article and its conclusions are crucial for us in order to protect us from possible hybrid attacks of a neighbouring country.
It is becoming increasingly difficult to meet society's growing demands for everyday products and materials in an environment that seeks to avoid oil-based processes. Instead of abandoning fossil materials, more research should be done into their efficient and clean conversion.
In the third issue of Oil Shale, researchers from the Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology of Tallinn University of Technology have written an article “Aspects of kerogen oxidative dissolution in subcritical water using oxygen from air”, which investigates efficient and environmentally friendly conditions for converting kerogen to various aliphatic carboxylic and dicarboxylic acids.
The study about oil shale pyrolysis mechanisms can be read in the article “Composition of gas from pyrolysis of Estonian oil shale with various sweep gases” written by the researchers of the Department of Energy Technology, Tallinn University of Technology. The article provides information investigating the formation of gas during the oil shale decomposition process, which allows to obtain information about the mechanism of the pyrolysis process as a whole.
Increasing attention is being paid to the pyrolysis of biomaterials. The article “Current status of co-pyrolysis of oil shale and biomass”, written by the researchers of the Department of Energy Technology, Tallinn University of Technology, highlights the potential benefits, synergetic effects, interactions and promotion and inhibition effects of co-pyrolysis of biomass and oil shale.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ESTONIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
In the third issue of Proceedings Abrar Hussain et al. remark that circular economy is still a theoretical field. In their research, alumina ceramic material was used to measure the coefficient of friction (COF) of cotton fabric with the objective of supporting the circular economy of textile industries. Based on the COF values, deformation, wear and morphologies evaluations, alumina ceramic materials could be used operationally for surface alterations of textile machinery parts. The results could also enhance the quality and performance of textile products.
Anton Rassõlkin et al. present a case study on the development of the Attitude Determination and Control System (ADCS) of Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech) student CubeSat satellites (TTU100 satellite project). The research focuses on analysing sensors and actuators used in other CubeSat-type satellites as well as on the process of TTU100 hardware and software development. Special attention is paid to selecting software methods for determining the attitude and evaluating the performance of the developed ADCS.
Groundwater heavy metal pollution is a major concern all around the world. In the last article of Proceedings Asif Khana et al. present their multivariate statistical analysis of heavy metals and physico-chemical parameters in the groundwater. With the help of the global information system (GIS) device, groundwater samples were collected from 47 locations of the Karak District, Pakistan. The present study focused on the water table (WT), water source depth (WSD), pH, electrical conductivity (EC), dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), lead (Pb(II)), silver (Ag(I)), iron (Fe(II)) and chromium (Cr(VI)) parameters.
ESTONIAN JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
The September issue of the Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences covers a range of topics from Quaternary geology to geophysics, hydrogeology and palaeontology.
Dace Steinberga and Normunds studied fire frequency through the Holocene in Latvia and concluded that early human impact surpassed natural baseline values starting from the Late Iron Age.
Janis Karušs and co-authors applied coupled ground-penetrating radar and electrical resistivity tomography to map the distribution of contamination plume of the Inčukalns acid tar lagoon in Latvia, showing the usefulness of these techniques in environmental geology.
Rein Vaikmäeand co-authors reviewed the current understanding of groundwater flow history and geochemistry in the northern part of the Baltic Artesian Basin. The paper concludes that the groundwater in the region is controlled by mixing of interglacial or modern meteoric water, glacial meltwater and an older syngenetic endmember water.
Christopher R. C. Paul and Ursula Toom redescribed the echinoderm genus Cystoblastus based on fossils from Estonia and used phylogenetic analysis for constraining the evolutionary history of Ordovician hemicosmitoid blastozoans.